Nord Stream is an offshore natural gas pipeline from Vyborg in Russia to Greifswald in Germany. The pipeline consists of two parallel lines, each having a diameter of 1,220 mm, a wall thickness of 38 mm and a working pressure of 220 bars.
At 1,222 km in length, Nord Stream is the longest offshore pipeline in the world.
The first line of the pipeline was completed on 4 May 2011 and inaugurated on 8 November 2011. Construction of the second line was completed during August 2012 and it was inaugurated on 8 October 2012.
The Nord Stream pipeline links vast gas reserves in Russia to the energy markets in the European Union and is capable of transporting 55 billion cubic meters of natural gas per year – enough to supply over 26 million households in Europe.
The pipeline is operated by Nord Stream AG.
The Solitaire vessel laying a part of the first string of the Nord Stream pipeline.